Posts from the ‘Kritis of Saint Tyagaraja’ Category

Sri Ganapathini – Sowrashtra – Adi – Tyagaraja

This wonderful kriti on Lord Ganesha composed by Saint Tyagaraja , is indeed a masterpiece in the Raaga Sowrashtra. This kriti is a part of “Prahlada Bhakti Vijaya” – a musical drama composed by Tyagaraja.

Here Tyagaraja  requests all devotees to worship [sevimparaare]  Lord Ganesha.  Lord Ganesha who being worshipped by Lord Brahma , is coming dancing beautifully.[Baaga Natimpuchu].     ” Oh! Devotees render your salutaions to Him”  says Tyagaraja.

He having accepted the offerings – jack fruit, coconut and jambu fruit etc .. from his devotees , is coming here dancing with heavy resounding steps, with Sri Hari in his heart. Lord Ganapathy  dancing in different rhythms and steps is being glorified by Tyagaraja in all humility.  [vividagatula dhithalaangumani]

Sowrashtra is a sampoorna vakra raaga derived from the 17th mela Suryakantham. A raaga which evokes Bhakti is usually rendered in vilamba. Mangalam is usually sung in this raaga. Saint Tyagaraja is probabily the only composer to have composed a kriti on Lord Ganesha in this majestic raaga..

 

This   kriti sung by the world renowned Carnatic Classical Music Vocalists Smt .Haripriya and Smt Shanmukhapriya popularly known as Priya Sisters.  Here’s the link..

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F9mW7Argnz4

 

Lyrics

pallavi

shrI gaNapatini sEvimpa rArE shrta mAnavulArA

anupallavi

vAgAdhipati su-pUjala cEkoni bAga natimpucu veDlina

caraNam

panasa nArikElAdi jambU phalamula nAraginci ghana tarambagu mahipai padamulu
ghallu ghallana nunci anyamu hari caraNa yugamulanu hrdayAmbujamuna nunci
vinayamunanu tygarAja vinutuDu vividha gatula dittaLAngumani veDalina

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Ni Chittamu Nischalamu – Dhanyasi – Tyagaraja

“Guru” – teacher, remover of ignorance, who equals Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.  How does one identify a true guru.

In this composition Saint Tyagaraja described two qualities of a Guru.  One who’s mind is Nishchala [ One who is not disturbed by the ongoings of worldly issues. Who’s mind is calm under all circumstances] and Nirmala [Pure- Who is devoid of  inner enemies numbering six – Kaama , Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada, Matsarya].  He indeed is qualified to be a Guru.

Tyagaraja attributes these qualities  to none other than Lord Raama . Tyagaraja is now a student of Lord Raama. As a student his mind is full of deceit [ caught up in worldly matters] and is disturbed.. Hence he seeks the grace of the Lord  having complete faith in Him.

It is only a Guru who purifies the mind like a Sallaki Seed { guruvu cillaginca } [ which purifies water by removing mud], he is the bee {guruvE bhramaramu}  which transforms the pupil into himself. Here Tyagaraja points out that it is only a Guru who would make his student like Him. He is the Sun { guruDE bhAskaruDu } who dispels the misty ignorance from the student. He himself is the ultimate [ the highest truth ]  to be attained. Tyagaraja concludes by submitting himself to the Lord who indeed is the protector of the world.

It is noteworthy that Tyagaraja has composed this kriti in Dhanyasi – a raaga most suited for emoting Bhakti Bhava..

 

 

Kriti Lyrics:

pallavi

nI cittamu nishcalamu nirmalamani ninnE namminAnu

anupallavi

nA cittamu vancana cancalamani nanu viDa nADakumi shrI rAma

caraNam

guruvu cillaginca guruvE bhramaramu guruDE bhAskaruDu guruDE bhadruDu
guruDE uttamagati guruvu nI vAnukoNTi dharanu dAsuni brOva tyAgarAjanuta

Naama Kusuma – Sri – Adi

Among numerous compositions of Tyagaraja where he goes all out to explain the significance and importance of Hari Naama, this kriti stands out where he describes the method of Maanasa[mind] puja. What bhagya indeed that we have a human life where we can chant the name of Lord Raama. He says Nara Janmame janmamu. Indeed this is also echoed in Purandaradasa’s composition Maanava Janma Doddadu.

A life where one can chant the lotus name of Lord Raama is all what Tyagaraja asks for.. Just as Lord Krishna explains in Bhagavat Geeta that  a leaf, or just a flower or even a drop of water if offered with Bhakti is enough to please the Lord , Tyagaraja places Lord Raama on a Kanaka[Golden] Mantapa  adorned with Swaras Born out of Naada . It is here we note that there is nothing more pure than a clear , calm mind devoid of Kaama,Krodha Lobha , Moha , Mada and Matsarya..

Only then do we attain fulfillment in life.

 

Kriti:

nAma kusumamulacE pUjincE nara janmamE janmamu manasA

anupallavi

shrIman mAnasa kanaka pIThamuna celaga jEsikoni vara shivarAma

caraNam

nAdasvaramanu vara navaratmapu vEDikapai sakala lIla vinOduni
paramAtmuni shrI rAmuni pAdamulanu tyAgarAja hrd bhUSaNuni