GEETA is a universal text-book, healthy for all the various races and types of men living the variegated walks of life, each striving to maintain a variety of standards of life. For all men who are sincere and intelligent enough to perceive their own imperfections and courageously come to make a demand for a better perfection, in them are the fit students on whom Geeta pours out her best blessings.
As a SCRIPTURE of activity and optimistic endeavour, GEETA unmistakably emphasizes the ultimate independence of man over his present weaknesses and even over his present circumstances. The secret strategy for the sure conqueror: “DEVOTION AND CONSISTENCY OF SELF-APPLICATION, FREE FROM ALL EGO-CENTRIC ATTACHMENTS WITH THE WORLD OF OBJECTS”, is the way chartered out in the GEETA.
The originality of the GEETA is not “in what” it says, but “in how” it states. The call of Krishna is the divine call to man to discard his melancholy dejections at the face of life’s challenges and to come forward to play out his best “the game of life” with a firm determination to strive and to win.
The religion of GEETA ushers mankind to a wider field of perfections, which can be made available even while we are sweating and toiling at our alloted posts of duty. All through the GEETA we find brilliant strokes of the unforgettable picture of a mighty Man of Knowledge at the driver’s seat on a chariot, philosophically refilling a “flattened” mortal to brace up and face again the road to success! Never does GEETA at any point in its length, encourage man’s surrender to circumstances or even to his own present debilities and incompetencies.
The concluding word of the GEETA is “my” (mama) and the opening word in the GEETA is “Dharma”. Between these two words, the 700 stanzas are strung together as a garland of immortal beauty. And so, the meaning of the GEETA is “My Dharma”. GEETA explains the “nature of man – my dharma”, and the “Nature of Truth – MY DHARMA”, and how the TRUE LIFE starts when these two are harmonised together and come to play in one single individual.
There lived a pious brahmana and his wife in Dwaraka. To their misfortune, they lost eight children. The moment a child was born to the brahmana’s wife, it ceased to breathe. The grieving father went to the gates of Krishna’s palace every time he lost a child, and cried out loudly as to why he had to undergo this suffering in the Lord’s own kingdom. Strangely, Lord Krishna, who is Iswara, the Karmaphaladata or the “Dispenser of the Fruits of one’s Actions” remained silent.
When his wife was expecting the ninth child, the brahmana went to the gates of Krishna’s palace and in sheer frustration of losing even this child, he started using very harsh words against the Lord. Arjuna, the Pandava prince who had come to visit Krishna heard the brahmana’s words and got extremely angry. He immediately got up and went outside to meet the brahmana. Arjuna heard all that had happened and told him not to worry about the fate of the child to be born, and assured him of his protection. The brahmana however expressed his doubts, saying that even Krishna had not been able to save his children. Arjuna full of pride and vanity told him, “Don’t you know who I am? I am neither Krishna nor Balarama nor Pradyumna. I am Arjuna, the one who has received the grace and blessings of Lord Shiva and wields the great bow called Gandiva. I will surely protect your child from the jaws of death.” Krishna heard everything and smiled!
Very confidently Arjuna went along with the brahmana to his house and built a fort around the house with arrows so that no one, not even Lord Death can enter into the house. But the nineth child also died the moment it was born. Arjuna was shocked and when confronted by the brahmana, he told him again not to worry and went to all the worlds in search of the child. From Brahmaloka to Patalaloka and even upto Yamaloka. But Arjuna was unable to trace the child. He came back very dejected and disappointed. Totally humbled and crestfallen, Arjuna felt very guilty that he was unable to keep up his words and decided to end his life by entering into fire.
When Arjuna was about to enter the fire-pit, Lord Krishna arrived. He consoled him and assured him that the brahmana’s children will all be restored back to life. Krishna took Arjuna in his divine aerial chariot across the seven mountain ranges, across the seven oceans, across the seven continents to the abode of Adi Purusha, the Purushottama, the “Substratum for all things and beings”. Arjuna saw the great Adisesha shining like the white kailasa mountain with his thousand hoods. Reclining on Adisesha, was Lord Hari resembling the dark rain-bearing clouds and clad in golden yellow peetambara. The Lord had eight arms and was adorned with the Vaijayanthi mala. He was surrounded by his saktis and the celestial beings. Arjuna was overwhelmed at this divine darshan.
The Supreme Parabrahma, the Cosmic Universal Being, told Krishna and Arjuna that they were both Nara and Narayana having taken incarnation to accomplish the great and mighty task of “parithraanaaya saadhunaam, vinaashaaya cha dushkrutaam”. Totally humbled, Arjuna realized that this was all the Lord’s divine “leela” to destroy his pride and vanity. All the nine children of the brahmana were handed over to Krishna and Arjuna. Both of them came back and handed over the children to the brahmana couple. The couple were overjoyed and overwhelmed to see all their children back. They again and again prostrated to the Lord and sought His forgiveness for doubting His love and compassion. At this juncture, before leaving for Dwarka, Sri Krishna gave a beautiful idol of Lord Vishnu to Arjuna for the purpose of worship. In sheer gratitude, the Deity was addressed as SRI SANTHAANA GOPAALA MOORTHY – the “Saviour & Protector of Infants!”
Arjuna wanted to find a suitable place for installing the deity. He in turn invoked Lord Ganesha for help. Ganesha went in search and found the divine Poorna Veda Puri, the present Tripunithura (Kerala) most suitable. Ganesha himself decided to settle there. When Arjuna came looking for Ganesha, he found him in Poorna Veda Puri. Arjuna compelled Ganesha to shift to the South of the sanctum and Sri Santhaana Gopaala Moorthy was installed there. The sanctum was conceived in the form of a chariot. In this Kshetra, the unique feature is: Lord Vishnu is seated on the coiled body of Adisesha which serves as his asana. Adisesha’s five hoods serve as a canopy for the Lord. Shankha and Chakra adorn his two upper hands. The lower left hand rests on the asana and a lotus adorns the Lord’s right hand. The Lord residing in Poorna Veda Puri (Tripunithura) is known as SRI POORNATHRAYEESA, the Lord presiding over the three Vedas (Rik, Yajur and Saama) – the embodiment of the Essence of All Spiritual Knowledge.
“Poornathrayeesa Hare! Hare Krishna! Poornathrayeesa Hare!! Poornathrayeesa Hare! Hare Krishna! Poornathrayeesa Hare!!”
Kamsa, the self-proclaimed tyrant king of Mathura sent rakshasas time and again to Gokula and Vrindavan to annihilate Krishna, but Krishna very easily destroyed them all. Furious that all his plans and schemes had failed, Kamsa decided to bring Krishna to Mathura. He conceived of a plan to destroy Krishna. Kamsa arranged for a Dhanur Yagna to invoke Lord Shiva and earn His grace and blessings to win over his enemies. He arranged for wrestlers to challenge Krishna. He made sure a wild elephant was there at the entrance of the Yagnasala ready to trample Krishna as He enters. Kamsa then summoned the wise and elderly Akrura and sent an invitation to Krishna and His elder brother Balarama to attend the Yagna. Akrura saw the irony behind this. Till now Kamsa was sending rakshasas all the way to Vrindavan to kill Krishna. Now, as his end was approaching, Kamsa himself, without his knowledge, was sending an invitation and making all arrangements and preparations to receive Krishna at whose hands he was to die, right in his own territory! Lord’s ways are unique! Destiny ultimately has its own mysterious ways of fulfilling itself! Akrura started for Vrindavan. He was very happy – he was going to have darshan of the Lord!
In the meantime, Sage Narada came to meet Krishna in Vrindavan. In the divine presence of the Lord, Sage Narada saw the entire happenings of the future unfurling themselves in front of him! Starting from “the Lord slaying Kamsa in the immediate future to becoming the charioteer of Arjuna in the kurukshetra war later on” – he had a glimpse of everything! Rest assured of the purpose of the Lord’s Avatar, Narada offered his prostrations to the Lord and left.
On reaching Vrindavan, Akrura saw the footprints of Sri Krishna on the sacred soil of Vrindavan! He got down from his chariot and applied the sacred dust on his forehead. He was received by Nanda. The moment he saw Krishna and Balarama, he prostrated at their feet. Totally overwhelmed, Akrura wept with joy at his blessed fortune of the Lord’s darshan! The next day, Akrura left Vrindavan along with Krishna and Balarama. As they were travelling to Mathura, a doubt crossed the mind of Akrura, “Can these two young, delicate boys – Krishna and Balarama, really challenge the mighty Kamsa? Is it possible? Will they be able to accomplish this mission of destroying the tyrant Kamsa and redeem Mathura and its people from his dictatorship?” Krishna understood what was going on in Akrura’s mind. Both the brothers looked at each other and smiled! The Lord had to dispel Akrura’s doubt….
They reached the banks of river Yamuna. Akrura got down from the chariot to perform his mid-day sandhya. When he took a dip in the waters, he beheld Krishna and Balarama in the waters. He was astonished at the vision because both the brothers were seated in the chariot. He immediately rose up from the waters and looked towards the chariot. Sure enough, he saw Krishna and Balarama seated in the chariot! He was puzzled. To check whether the first vision was true or a mere hallucination, Akrura again plunged into the waters.
This time he saw Lord Vishnu reclining on Adisesha, blue in colour, clad in yellow, with sankha, chakra, gada and padma in his four hands. He shone resplendent with gem-studded golden ornaments, the shining kaustubha and the fragrant Vaijayanti garland. He was attended to by the divine gods, gandharvas, the kumaras and devotees like Prahlada, Narada and others. Bhagavan was surrounded by the Goddess of Beauty and Fortune (Sri), Goddess of Nutrition (Pushti), Goddess of Speech (Saraswati), Goddess of Splendour (Kanti), Goddess of Glory (Kirti), Goddess of Contentment (Tushti), Goddess of Knowledge (Vidya), Goddess of Energy (Sakti) and others. Extremely overjoyed at the unique and auspicious darshan of the Lord in full Glory, Akrura prayed fervently to the Lord. He realized the Omnipotency of Lord Sri Krishna. Akrura’s doubts vanished like mist melts at the very touch of the early morning sun’s rays.
The Lord withdrew His divine form. Akrura emerged out of the waters. Overwhelmed at the divine beautiful vision of the Lord – rare and unique, Akrura reached the chariot. Still revelling in the joyous experience of the Divine Vision, Akrura approached Krishna and Balarama. Krishna smilingly asked him, “You seem to have had an unearthly wondrous experience in the waters of Yamuna, what is it?” Akrura prayerfully replied, “O Lord, whatever wonders that exist in all the worlds, they all exist in You alone, who pervades and permeates the entire universe. What wonders can remain unseen by me, when I am directly looking at the Wonder of all wonders, Your Divine Form!” With a mind calm and serene, totally free from anxiety and doubts, Akrura silently drove the chariot to Mathura. It was Akrura, the Lord’s devotee, who had the rare and unique privilege of bringing Sri Krishna and Balarama to Mathura!
Lord Krishna is worshipped as Parthasarathi, the charioteer of Arjuna at Ambalappuzha in the Alappuzha district of Kerala. The Lord has the whip in one hand and the conch in the other. The temple was built by the local ruler during the 17th century. The unique feature of this temple is the PAAL-PAYASAM (rice and milk kheer) which is offered to the Lord as naivedya and distributed as prasad to all the devotees. Tradition has it that Lord Guruvayoorappan daily comes to accept the Paal-payasam!
Chembakassery Pooradam Thirunal Deva-Narayana Thampuran was the king of this region. He was very good in the game of dice (chathurangam). One day, Sri Krishna disguised as a sadhu approached the king and challenged him for a game of dice. The king who was an expert in the dice-game readily agreed. Now there has to be a prize for the winner of the game. The king who was very confident of winning the game asked the sadhu what he wanted in case he happened to win the game. The Lord told the king that a sadhu’s life is a simple one and therefore he did not have any big demands, and all that he wanted was a few grains of rice as measured by the number of squares on the dice-game board. One grain of rice for the first square, two grains for the second square, four grains for the third square, eight grains for the fourth square, sixteen grains for the fifth etc., by the process of doubling (exponential growth!). The king readily agreed.
The king very confidently participated in the dice-game with the Lord, but he lost the game. According to the terms and conditions of the game, the king asked for rice to be brought. He started calculating and placing the grains of rice in each square. Suddenly he realized that this was a measurement on a very large scale ! A 64 square dice-game board needs trillions of tons of rice!! All the rice from the granary was brought and still there was a shortage!
The king was in a dilemma because he was unable to fulfil the requirements of the sadhu and this was unpardonable. He knew that this was no ordinary sadhu. He prayed to the sadhu to help him with a solution. Lord Krishna revealed his true form to the king. The king was overwhelmed since he had had the unique fortune of playing the dice-game with none other than the Lord himself. Indeed what a blessing! Since the king was unable to fulfil the conditions that had been put forth prior to the game, as an alternative, the Lord told the king to serve “PAAL-PAYASAM” every day to the pilgrims until the debt is cleared. The king joyously agreed and started the unique tradition of offering PAAL-PAYASAM as Naivedya to Sri Krishna daily. Every day, early in the morning, the preparation of large quantities of paal-payasam starts. Those in-charge of preparing the payasam seek the Lord’s permission at every stage of adding ingredients into the huge cooking vessel. When the sugar is being added to the payasam, one of them comes to the door and loudly calls out: “VAASUDEVA!” It is to inform the Lord to come for naivedya since the payasam is almost ready! Normally a small portion of the food is offered as naivedya at the Lord’s altar. But in this temple, the entire quantity of Paal-payasam prepared is offered to the Lord. The payasam filled vessels are carried to the altar to the accompaniment of shankha-naada. The paal-payasam is then offered to Sri Krishna and then served to all the devotees who come to the temple. The paal-payasam has immense medicinal value and benefits and hence is known as GOPALA KASHYAYAM.
“May Sri Krishna, the Madhuradipathi (the Lord of Bliss), the Lover of PAAL-PAYASAM, reside in our minds and render it pure and sattvic (like milk), fill it with sweet devotion (like sugar) unto His lotus feet, and finally grant the State of Realization unto us (like the cooked rice in the payasam: Annam is Brahman)!”
“Sri Krishna Govinda Hare Murare, He Natha Narayana Vaasudeva!”